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EUROPEAN NEWS BULLETIN 2011.1 : 1-6 January

Produced by the European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention (ENSP)



National Tobacco Control News

BELGIUM: More than 13% of Restaurants Failed to Comply with Smoking Ban

BULGARIA: Smoking Ban Widely Ignored

FINLAND: Finns Willing to Pay More Tax on Alcohol and Tobacco

POLAND: Tobacco Industry Faces Tough Times

NETHERLANDS: Smoking Ban Widely Ignored, Ashtrays are Back in Half the Bars

SPAIN: Spain Gets Tough Anti-Smoking Law



PUBLICATION: Spain: Beyond The 'Spanish Model' To A Total Ban

STUDY: Europe Reins In the Smoking Habit

STUDIES Decipher How Anti-Smoking Drugs Work

STUDY: Pregnant Women Often Deny Smoking

STUDY: Smoking Tied To Miscarriage Risk


Institutional News

WHO FCTC COP-4 Decisions




National Tobacco Control News


BELGIUM: More than 13% of Restaurants Failed to Comply with Smoking Ban


Just over 13 percent of pubs serving food and restaurants in 2010 did not comply with the smoking ban, which is twice as more as in 2009, VTM news reported on Monday referring to figures from the Federal Agency for the Security of the Food Chain (FAVV).

In 2010, the Federal Agency held 12,540 inspections. On this total, 1.670 bars serving food and restaurants flouted the smoking ban (13,32 %).

In 2009 on a total of 11,738 controls 7,5 percent failed to respect the ban.

According to the Federal Agency, this increase is due to the extension of the smoking ban in early 2010. "The reason for the increase is simple: legislation became more stringent, there are more and more controls and we found more violations ", said Geert De Poorter, of the Agency.

Since January 1st, 2010, the smoking ban does not only apply to restaurants but also to all hospitality venues where fresh food is served, including small pubs serving fresh food. It is mainly the pub owners that ignore the smoking ban.


Source: De Standaard, 3 January 2011



BULGARIA: Smoking Ban Widely Ignored

Even though a smoking ban in public places came into force in Bulgaria five days ago, reporters' checks across the country have shown that it is being widely ignored.

Reports say this may be due to the delay in official checks, which will start at the beginning of next year and give an opportunity to owners of restaurants, coffee shops and bars to take advantage of the 2-week grace period and provide the necessary walls, tight-closing doors and good ventilation equipment.

The requirements will affect all smoking spaces inside commercial and administrative buildings, railroad stations and airports as well.

Owners of coffee shops and restaurants with less than 50 square meters have the right to decide whether smoking would be allowed. In case smoking is allowed, individuals under the age of 18 would not be admitted as they are banned from smoking in all indoors spaces.

In larger establishments, at least 50% of the space must be dedicated to non-smokers.

In night clubs, smoking will be allowed at all times regardless of how large they are.

Open-space coffee shops and restaurants inside shopping malls are becoming non-smoking facilities.

Owners face fines for inadequate ventilation and lack of sings designating the non-smoking sections and the smoking ban for those under 18.

Fines for owners range from BGN 500 to BGN 10,000. Individuals, who violate the ban, would also face fines, but only if they agree to provide their ID card.

Similar measures were imposed as part of a partial smoking ban in 2005 but have been widely ignored.

Bulgaria ranks second after Greece in the EU in terms of number of regular smokers as a percentage of the population, according to a Eurobarometer survey.


Source: Novinite, 22 December 2010




FINLAND: Finns Willing to Pay More Tax on Alcohol and Tobacco

Finns appear willing to favour increases in taxation on alcohol, tobacco, confectionery and capital gains in order to balance public finances, a survey commissioned by YLE indicates. However, there is little enthusiasm for higher income or energy taxes.

The pollster asked over 1,000 Finns just before Christmas what taxes could be raised to balance public finances.

Some 61 percent of those asked say they were ready to accept an increase on taxation on alcohol and tobacco products. Next on the list was capital gains tax with 42 percent giving their approval for a tax rise. One third of those questioned favoured a tax rise on confectionery and soft drinks.

When asked about income, energy or real estate taxation, the responses were far from enthusiastic. Only five percent favoured tax rises in these sectors to balance public finances.

Source: Yle, 27 December 2010



NETHERLANDS: Smoking Ban Widely Ignored, Ashtrays are Back in Half the Bars

Some 50% of the country’s cafés and discotheques allow smoking, despite the ban for all except small, one-man operated bars, according to new figures from the food and safety inspectorate.

Since the government overturned the ban in small bars, more and more large cafes are allowing their customers to smoke. In June, inspectors found smoking in 28% of the bars they visited. That has now increased to 51%.

According to the Volkskrant, the new government says around half of the country’s bars are smaller than 70 m2, meaning they are exempt from the ban, provided they do not employ staff. However, the Dutch catering association says the figure is closer to 25%.



Not only is there confusion about the size of bars, but bigger cafe owners say they are faced with unfair competition.

‘Since the government said it would soften the ban, the whole sector has been discussing it,’ Ben Francooy, chairman of catering workers’ union FNV Horecabond told the paper. ‘If you are going to make [the ban] more flexible, you open the door to fiddling the figures.’

In some places, cafe owners have an alarm light to alert each other if inspectors are spotted, Francooy said.


Source:, 6 January 2011



POLAND: Tobacco Industry Faces Tough Times

It is estimated that cigarette sales in Poland will have fallen by over ten percent between this year and 2014, Rzeczpospolita writes.

According to the Euromonitor International research company, Poles bought almost 57 billion cigarettes in 2010, around four percent fewer than the year before. In four years, the number is estimated to fall to around 50.5 billion cigarettes.

"The size of the legal cigarette market in Poland will continue to shrink because of the increasing excise duty, which translates into higher prices," said Krzysztof Kępiński, head of the government relations department at British American Tobacco.

Since January 1, 2011, excise duty on cigarettes will increase by four percent. According to different estimates, this will push up the price per packet by 60-90 groszy. Excise duty on cigarettes will continue to rise, as Poland needs to keep up with its obligations towards the EU.


Source: Warsaw Business Journal, 28 December 2010



SPAIN: Spain Gets Tough Anti-Smoking Law

Spain has brought into force an anti-smoking law that is likely to turn the EU's fourth largest tobacco producer into one of Europe's most stringently smokeless.

The law prohibits lighting up in enclosed public places, although hotels are allowed to reserve 30% of their rooms for smokers. In a particularly tough measure, outside smoking is banned in open-air children's playgrounds - even those inside parks - and at access points to schools and hospitals.

Parliament approved an anti-smoking law in 2006 that prohibited smoking in the workplace but allowed bar and restaurant owners with premises under 1,100 square feet to decide whether to allow smoking or not - and almost all permitted it. Critics called the law a failure.

Health Minister Leire Pajin said around 50,000 people died each year in Spain as a result of smoking-related illnesses, with around 1,200 of those being non smokers who inhaled secondhand smoke.

Larger restaurants were allowed to build hermetically sealed smoking sections, but now those spaces can no longer be used for smoking - a revolution for Spaniards used to wining, dining and lighting up.

The law stipulates that a minor infringement should be penalised with fines from 30 euro (£25) to 600 euro (£514) while very serious breaches will attract fines from 10,000 euro £851,000) to 600,000 euro (£514,000).

The Health Ministry said similar laws put in place in recent years in nations ranging from Britain to France and Italy did not hurt business badly.


Source: The Press Association, 2 January 2010



Related articles:

Spain’s Bars Go Smoke-Free in Tough New Law, AFP, 2 January 2011

Smoking at Spanish Restaurants, Bars Banned, CNN, 1 January 2011

Spain gets Tough in Second Attempt at Smoking Ban, Irish Times, 3 January 2011

Spain Enacts Tough Anti-Smoking Law, AP, 2 January 2010

Spain says ‘Adios’ to Smoking Bars, Cafes, Eateries, MSNBC, 21 December 2010





Publication: Spain: Beyond The 'Spanish Model' To A Total Ban

Spain was one of the first European countries to implement a tobacco control law. However, the ban of smoking in enclosed workplaces had an important exception in the hospitality sector—bars, pubs, taverns, restaurant and hotels (Tobacco Control 2006;15:79–80).

This type of partial legislation, known from that moment on as the ‘Spanish model' (Tob Control 2010;19:24–30), allowed smoking in hospitality venues of less than 100 square metres, subject to the decision of the owner. Not surprisingly, this model has been strongly supported by the tobacco industry when lobbying against smoke-free policies. The ‘Spanish model’ has been advocated, with slight variations, in other European and Latin American countries considering the implementation of smoke-free policies (ie, the recent or forthcoming bans in Portugal, Greece, Germany, Chile and Peru).



Totally smoke-free policies are urged by the WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The effectiveness of smoke-free policies and their lack of negative effects on hospitality businesses, have been confirmed by research, including a tobacco control report by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Moreover, three years after the Spanish law entered into force, the evidence generated from its scientific evaluation clearly indicates that the exceptions in bars and restaurants have limited its effectiveness. Several studies have shown that exposure to secondhand smoke in workplaces has reduced (although not disappeared) whereas exposure during leisure—mainly due to exposure in hospitality venues—has not. Moreover, exposure of hospitality workers in venues where smoking continues to be allowed (80 per cent of all venues) has not decreased, but has even increased.


In the context of an increasingly favourable social climate for smoke-free environments (almost 80 per cent of Spaniards agree with smoke-free policies) and the accumulated evidence of the law's failure to protect hospitality workers, the Spanish parliament changed the partial ban to a total ban.


From 2 January 2011, the ban on smoking in all enclosed workplaces now includes bars and restaurants, with no exceptions. Moreover, smoking is now banned on the campus of hospitals and in healthcare centres. Thus the ‘Spanish model’ will no longer be that of a partial and weak ban, but a total one, as recommended by the FCTC.



What happened in Spain clearly illustrates how partial bans, voluntary policies or ‘courtesy of choice’ programmes, as promoted by the tobacco industry and parts of the hospitality sector, do not protect people against secondhand smoke. Spain has finally become an example of good practice for those countries aiming to go smoke-free.

Authors: Esteve Fernández, Institut Català d'Oncologia, Barcelona, Spain ( Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar )

Manel Nebot, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Spain

Published in Tobacco Control. 2011; vol. 20, No. 1, p. 5-6.

The article can be already freely accessed as PDF or HTML text at



STUDY: Europe Reins In the Smoking Habit

A study led by the Smoking Control Unit of the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO) has confirmed that the anti-tobacco laws in Europe have a direct effect on the reduction in consumption and passive exposure to smoke. This conclusion was reached by relating the Tobacco Eurobarometer and the Tobacco Control Scale (TCS).

The new study, published online in PLoS ONE, has confirmed the hypothesis that the greater the restrictions, the lower the consumption and passive exposure to smoke. The study was carried out in the 27 countries of the EU and relates the Eurobarometer survey on tobacco and the Tobacco Control Scale (which takes into account the main measures taken in order to control smoking at international level).

"The countries with the highest score in the TCS apply active control policies and the consumption of tobacco and the proportion of the population exposed to smoke, both at home and in the work place, is more reduced," explained Esteve Fernández Muñoz, co-author of the study and the Head of the Tobacco Control Unit of the ICO.

In countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta and Sweden, which score higher on the TCS (that is to say, they adopt stricter controls on smoking), the consumption is "relatively low" - 28.8% lower - as is exposure to smoke -13.8% lower in the home and 23.4% lower in the work place.




Progressively more measures in Spain


Fernández Muñoz pointed out that the reform of Law 28/2005 on health care measures concerning smoking, which came into force recently, "is an example of the very important progress in the control of smoking and means the abolition of the 'Spanish model' of supposed tolerance."


Although Spain scores high on the TCS, there are some aspects in which its score is low, such as the price of tobacco. He assured us that, "It is one of the countries in Europe with the cheapest prices."


"It has been demonstrated that increasing the price of tobacco is the most effective measure for controlling smoking (30 points out of 100 on the TCS scale) as compared with other action, such as, treatment to quit smoking (10 points on the TCS)," pointed out the researcher.


The experts forecast that these measures will reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease in the short and medium-term, as well as the incidence of cancer, mainly lung cancer, in the long-term. In Spain, passive exposure to smoke leads to between 1,200 and 3,200 deaths per year due to lung cancer and heart attacks.


Source: Sciencedaily, 4 January 2010


Related article: Anti-Smoke Laws 'Have Direct Effect’


Source Reference : Research Paper: Smoking Behaviour, Involuntary Smoking, Attitudes towards Smoke-Free Legislations, and Tobacco Control Activities in the EU

Authors: Jose M. Martínez-Sánchez, Esteve Fernández, Marcela Fu, Silvano Gallus, Cristina Martínez, Xisca Sureda, Carlo La Vecchia, Luke Clancy

The complete article is available for download below.




STUDIES Decipher How Anti-Smoking Drugs Work

Brain changes spurred by the medications seem to help cut cravings

Two drugs that help people stop smoking - bupropion and varenicline - may change the way the brain reacts to seeing someone else smoke, new studies report.


And that may be how they cut cravings.


Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban) is prescribed around the world to help people resist smoking cues. But it has not been clear how the drug does this. Using brain scans, Christopher S. Culbertson, of the University of California, Los Angeles, and his colleagues examined what happened in the brains of 30 smokers who took the drug or a placebo for eight weeks.


The researchers gauged how much the participants craved cigarettes by asking them to respond after watching "neutral" cues that did not involve smoking or 45-second videos of actors and actresses smoking.


Those who took the drug instead of the placebo reported less craving. They also showed less activity in areas of the brain linked to craving.


"These results demonstrate that treatment with bupropion is associated with an improved ability to resist cue-induced craving and a reduction in cue-induced activation of limbic and prefrontal brain regions," the study authors wrote.


Source: HealthDay (HealthScout) 3 January 2010

Source Reference: Archives of General Psychiatry




STUDY: Pregnant Women Often Deny Smoking


Overall, about one in four women who smoke while pregnant deny it, a new study hints. The numbers could be even higher in certain groups of women, like those in their early 20s.


In the United States, smoking by moms-to-be is one of the most common preventable causes of illness and death among infants, Dr. Patricia Dietz from the division of reproductive health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues note in their report.


In their study, they estimated how many pregnant and non pregnant smokers aged 20 to 44 years did not disclose their habit on a health questionnaire.


How did they catch the deception? They took blood samples from the women to measure levels of cotinine -- a byproduct of nicotine that serves as a marker of exposure to tobacco smoke. Their analysis included 994 pregnant women and 3,203 non pregnant women.


Overall, 13 percent of pregnant women and 30 percent of non pregnant women were active cigarette smokers. The pregnant smokers smoked an average of 11 cigarettes a day, while the non pregnant smokers averaged close to 14 cigarettes a day.


According to the investigators, far more pregnant than non pregnant smokers failed to disclose their habit - 23 percent versus nine percent - and were identified by their cotinine concentrations.


Source: msnbc, 31 December 2010

Source Reference: American Journal of Epidemiology, Published online December 22, 2010.




STUDY: Smoking Tied To Miscarriage Risk

A new study may offer women one more reason to kick the smoking habit before becoming pregnant: a potentially reduced risk of early miscarriage.

In a study of nearly 1,300 Japanese women with a past pregnancy, researchers found that those who smoked heavily early in pregnancy were more than twice as likely as non-smokers to suffer a miscarriage in the first trimester.

There are many reasons for women to quit smoking before becoming pregnant. The habit has been linked to increased risks of stillbirth, preterm delivery and low birthweight.

But studies so far have come to conflicting conclusions as to whether smoking might contribute to miscarriage risk.

These latest findings, reported in the journal Human Reproduction, support a connection.


Source: Reuters, 5 January 2011


Source Reference: Risk factors of early spontaneous abortions among Japanese: a matched case–control study

Hum. Reprod. (2010) doi: 10.1093/humrep/deq343 First published online: December 14, 2010




Institutional News


WHO FCTC COP-4 Decisions Available

Document FCTC/COP/4/DIV/6 - Decisions - is available in English on the FCTC website ( and

Translation into all other languages is being processed.

Source:Ulrike Schwerdtfeger, Technical Officer

Convention Secretariat, WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

E-mail: Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar

December 2010



If you would like to inform other members about new publications or events in your organization or country, please send contributions to Sophie Van Damme Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar

This bulletin receives the financial support of the European Commission.


ATENÇÂO - Ler Boletim Semanal da ENSP (nº 39) PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Sábado, 04 Dezembro 2010 12:58


Produced by the European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention (ENSP)


National Tobacco Control News

IRELAND: Consumer Group Calls for Reduction In Tobacco Tax

NORTHERN IRELAND: Car Smoking Ban ‘Supported by 9 in 10’

POLAND: Cigarette Prices To Go Up In 2011

UK: Britain Considers Plain Packaging for Cigarettes

UK: New Public Health Approach Planned

UKRAINE: Tobacco Advertising in Ukraine Could be Banned




EVENT: Fighting against Tobacco in the Western Balkans and Turkey

RESEARCH: Tobacco- Out of Sight May be Out of Mind

FIGURES: Britons have Highest Deaths from Breathing Conditions in Europe

RESEARCH: Lung Cancer Increasing Among Women

STUDY: 600,000 die Each Year from Passive Smoking

STUDY: Smoking Behaviour, Involuntary Smoking, Attitudes towards Smoke-Free Legislations, and Tobacco Control Activities in the European Union


Network News

The ENSP Total Ban with No Exceptions Declaration




National Tobacco Control News


IRELAND: Consumer Group Calls for Reduction In Tobacco Tax

A smokers' lobby group has called for a reduction of €1 on a packet of 20 cigarettes to counteract the sale of illicit tobacco and protect "the weakest in society" including children, the elderly and the unemployed.

The group also urged the Government to consider the social harm that could result from a further increase in tobacco taxation.

Forest Eireann dismissed a demand by Ash Ireland for an increase of €1 on a packet of 20 cigarettes in the budget.

Source: Evening Echo, 12 December 2010



NORTHERN IRELAND: Car Smoking Ban ‘Supported by 9 in 10’

A ban on smoking in cars which carry children is supported by nine out of ten households surveyed in Northern Ireland, a cancer charity has claimed.

Action Cancer says second-hand smoke affects up to 13,500 children across the country.

Smoking in public buildings has been banned since 2007, but the charity said legislation also needs to be put in place for private vehicles.

They say support for the ban was shown by 88% of the 1,000 families they surveyed, and suggests "significant support" from adults who themselves are smokers.

"Children are one of the most vulnerable groups affected by passive smoking, and the effect of second hand smoke on a child's metabolism can be attributed to doubling the risk of sudden infant death, wheezing and bacterial meningitis," Action Cancer spokesperson Geraldine Kerr said.

Source: UTV (Ulster Television), 30 November 2010



POLAND: Cigarette Prices To Go Up In 2011

President Bronislaw Komorowski signed an amendment to the Excise Duty Act. The amendment introduces a 4 percent tax increase on tobacco products.

Changes are inevitable due to the European directive that must be implemented in legal systems of all member countries.

The price increase will be introduced on January 1st 2011, and will be the first stage of attaining the EU tax minimum, that needs to be reached in 2018.

It is estimated that 4 percent increase in excise on tobacco will bring additional revenues of approximately 220-230 million euro.

Source: Poland.Pl, 29 November 2010,Cigarette_Prices_To_Go_Up_In_2011,id,445520.htm



UK: Britain Considers Plain Packaging For Cigarettes

The government will consider whether to force tobacco companies to adopt plain packaging to try to reduce the attraction of smoking, according to a policy document on public health published on Tuesday.

The document also suggested that a ban on the display of tobacco products in shops, introduced by the previous government that lost power in May, was being reconsidered. Major tobacco companies were seeking to overturn the ban through the courts.

"The government will look at whether the plain packaging of tobacco products could be an effective way to reduce the number of young people taking up smoking and to help those who are trying to quit smoking," the policy document said.

Health Secretary Andrew Lansley said smoking-related illnesses killed 80,000 Britons a year and dissuading people from taking up the habit was a public health priority.

The policy document said the government would need to make sure that there was good evidence to demonstrate that plain packaging would improve public health, and would also examine the competition, trade and legal implications of such a change.

Australia is the first country to go down the route of plain packaging to discourage people from smoking.

Under new legislation scheduled to come into force in Australia in 2012, tobacco companies will have to remove all colour, branding and logos from cigarette packets. That is in line with recommendations from the World Health Organisation.

Source: Reuters, 30 November 2010




UK: New Public Health Approach Planned

The Government will take a "less intrusive" approach to public health - nudging people rather than restricting their choices, the Health Secretary is due to say. Andrew Lansley will set out plans for changing "social norms" around obesity, smoking, alcohol and exercise so that healthier choices are easier for people to make.

The Government's white paper will describe the creation of a new public health service from existing organisations and will promise to ring-fence public health budgets.

There has been criticism in the past over NHS trusts raiding public health finances to plug deficits and gaps in other services. Under the plans, responsibility for public health will be transferred back to local government and away from NHS trusts, where it currently sits.

Public health directors will be moved to local councils to work as "champions" of healthy living. A Health Inclusion Board, chaired by Professor Steve Field from the Royal College of GPs, will look into the causes of deprivation and health inequalities.

Source: The Press Association, 30 November 2010



Related Article:

UK: White paper hands responsibility for public health to local authorities

Source: The Guardian, 30 November 2010


UKRAINE: Tobacco Advertising in Ukraine Could be Banned

Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada could ban all types of advertising of tobacco in Ukraine under a new law now undergoing initial scrutiny.

A bill on amendments to some laws concerning a ban of advertising, sponsorship and promotion of tobacco sales was passed by 303 MPs at first reading at a plenary meeting on Tuesday.

The bill also suggests that the advertising of trademarks of goods and services and other objects of intellectual property rights under which tobacco is produced be prohibited.

The sponsorship of television and radio programs, performances and concerts, sports and other events with the use of trademarks for goods and services and other objects of intellectual property rights under which tobacco is produced will also be banned. Tobacco advertising is not banned if placed in specialized publications or at specialized trade shows.

The bill also stipulates that the layout of any advertising should not contain images of tobacco or depict the process of smoking.

The document is aimed at streamlining the Laws on Advertising, on Measures aimed at Preventing and Reducing the Consumption of Tobacco and its Harmful Impact on the Public's Health and Ukraine's Code on Administrative Offices in line with the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which was ratified by Ukraine's parliament on March 15, 2006.

Source: Kyiv Post, 30 November 2010





EVENT: Fighting against Tobacco in the Western Balkans and Turkey

Brussels, 29 November to 1 December 2010

The People 2 People Programme is one of the three strands of the Civil Society Facility of the Directorate General Enlargement of the European Commission.

It intends to offer to individuals and organisations from the beneficiary countries and territories the possibility to visit EU institutions, as well as relevant EU platform organisations, or whenever relevant for the topic of the study visits, also other European, international or national organisations in order to familiarise themselves with EU structures, policy making process, programmes, policies and good practices.

The aim of this study tour is to give participants the opportunity to familiarise themselves with international and European programmes which aim at fighting against the use of tobacco.

This study tour further intends to offer participants exchange and networking opportunities in a respectful atmosphere among themselves and with European-level as well as Member State-based civil society organisations active in this field.

Full details, agenda and the presentations are available on the TAIEX website.

Source: European Commission, 1 December 2010



RESEARCH: Tobacco - Out of Sight May be Out of Mind

British researchers say putting tobacco out of sight in shops could help change attitudes toward smoking.

Researchers at the University of Nottingham in England have linked removal of tobacco displays in the Republic of Ireland to fewer young people believing smoking was widespread in their age-group -46 percent after removal versus 62 percent before.

The researchers also showed support for putting tobacco out of sight rose from 58 percent before removal to 66 percent after.

The study, published in the journal Tobacco Control, also found fewer teens could recall having seen tobacco displays - 22 percent versus 81 percent before the displays were yanked.

"Our research shows that removing point of sale displays of tobacco has a measurable impact on how young people think about tobacco, and helps underline that they are not 'normal consumer products,'" lead researcher Ann McNeill says in a statement. "The law is popular among adults, even adult smokers."

In a related study, McNeill and colleagues showed taking tobacco displays down did not accelerate the loss of income for retailers.

"As expected we did not see any significant change in sales following the implementation of the legislation beyond the trend of falling sales that already exists," McNeill says.

UPI Com, 26 November 2010




FIGURES: Britons have Highest Deaths From Breathing Conditions in Europe

Deaths from lung conditions and asthma are higher in Britain than any other European country due to high smoking rates, figures have shown.

A greater proportion of men and women die from respiratory conditions than in Europe, data from the Office of National Statistics has revealed. It is thought that data collection of causes of death is more accurate in Britain but also the high rates of smoking here have left a legacy of poor health. Experts said some Eastern European countries may now have higher smoking rates than in Britain but this is relatively recent, since they came out from Communist rule, and so the diseases have not yet manifested. There are 87.7 deaths in men from respiratory conditions including flu, pneumonia, bronchitis, emphysema, asthma and lung disease, per 100,000. For women the figure is 64 deaths per 100,000. It does not include lung cancer.

Source : Electronic Telegraph, 27 November 2010



BTS 2010 RESEARCH : Lung Cancer Increasing Among Women

Rates of lung cancer in women have soared in a sign that efforts to persuade them to quit smoking have failed, new research has revealed.

While the number of cases in men has fallen, the killer disease was shown to be claiming a growing number of victims among the opposite sex .

Lung cancer in women in England increased by 10% between 1987 and 2006, climbing from 32.3 cases per 100,000 to 35.4 per 100,000 during the 19-year period.

While preventing smoking is key to reducing lung cancer, most of the work to encourage people to give up cigarettes has been focused on men, the report published by the South West Public Health Observatory indicates.

And it highlights the need for a greater focus on targeting women with anti-smoking messages if lung cancer rates are to be reduced. Among men, the rate of lung cancer fell from 70.4 per 100,000 in 2000 to 59.4 per 100,000 in 2007 in the UK. The figures are said to illustrate the trend of a decline in cases in men.

The research on prevalence of the disease in women will be published at the British Thoracic Society's (BTS) winter meeting on Friday.

Source : The Press Association, 28 November 2010



STUDY: 600,000 Die Each Year from Passive Smoking

PARIS: Second-hand tobacco smoke kills upward of 600,000 people every year, more than a third of them children, according to a first-ever global assessment released Friday.

Unlike “lifestyle” diseases, which stem largely from individual choice, the victims of passive smoking pay the ultimate price for the health-wrecking behaviour of others, especially family members.

Among non-smokers worldwide, 40 per cent of children, 35 per cent of women and 33 per cent of men were exposed to second-hand smoke in 2004, the most recent year for which data was available across the 192 countries examined.

When added to the 5.1 million fatalities attributable to active smoking, the final death toll from tobacco for 2004 was more than 5.7 million people, the study concluded.

Nearly half the passive-smoking deaths occurred in women, with the rest divided almost equally between children and men, said the study, published in the British medical journal The Lancet.

AFP, 25 November 2010



STUDY: Smoking Behaviour, Involuntary Smoking, Attitudes towards Smoke-Free Legislations, and Tobacco Control Activities in the European Union



Background: The six most important cost-effective policies on tobacco control can be measured by the Tobacco Control Scale (TCS). The objective of our study was to describe the correlation between the TCS and smoking prevalence, selfreported exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and attitudes towards smoking restrictions in the 27 countries of the European Union (EU27).


Methods/Principal Findings: Ecologic study in the EU27. We used data from the TCS in 2007 and from the Eurobarometer on Tobacco Survey in 2008. We analysed the relations between the TCS and prevalence of smoking, self-reported exposure to SHS (home and work), and attitudes towards smoking bans by means of scatter plots and Spearman rank-correlation coefficients (rsp). Among the EU27, smoking prevalence varied from 22.6% in Slovenia to 42.1% in Greece. Austria was the country with the lowest TCS score (35) and the UK had the highest one (93). The correlation between smoking prevalence and TCS score was negative (rsp =20.42, p = 0.03) and the correlation between TCS score and support to smoking bans in all workplaces was positive (rsp = 0.47, p = 0.01 in restaurants; rsp = 0.5, p = 0.008 in bars, pubs, and clubs; and rsp = 0.31, p = 0.12 in other indoor workplaces). The correlation between TCS score and self-reported exposure to SHS was negative, but statistically non-significant.



Conclusions/Significance: Countries with a higher score in the TCS have higher support towards smoking bans in all workplaces (including restaurants, bars, pubs and clubs, and other indoor workplaces). TCS scores were strongly, but not statistically, associated with a lower prevalence of smokers and a lower self-reported exposure to SHS.

Jose M. Martı´nez-Sa´nchez1,2,3, Esteve Ferna´ndez1,2,3*, Marcela Fu1,2,3, Silvano Gallus4, Cristina

Martı´nez1,2,3, Xisca Sureda1,2,3, Carlo La Vecchia4,5, Luke Clancy6

Source: PloS One, November 2010



Network News


The ENSP Total Ban with No Exceptions Declaration

Following the ENSP General Assembly 2010, ENSP once again confirmed and reinforced its declaration that only total smoke-free laws improve health by preventing heart attacks, improving respiratory health and preventing cancer. Ventilation cannot be an effective solution and fails to protect public health. Bans that are less than total incorporating numerous exceptions fail to protect the health of citizens in public and work places and are not effective in changing smoking behaviour.

The full text of the ENSP Total Ban with No Exceptions Declaration is available for download below.

Source: ENSP, 26 November 2010



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This bulletin receives the financial support of the European Commission.

Boletins ENSP - 19-25 Novembro 2010 PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Sábado, 27 Novembro 2010 20:00
Fazer download deste arquivo (ensp-25Nov2010.pdf)Boletim ENSP 19-25 Novembro 110 Kb
Boletins ENSP - 18 Novembro 2010 PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Quinta, 18 Novembro 2010 16:00
ATENÇÂO - A COPPT passa a disponibilizar o Boletim Semanal da E.N.S.P. Leia e actualize as notícias europeias sobre tabaco.

Fazer download deste arquivo (ENSP-20101112.pdf)Boletim ENSP 18 Novembro 136 Kb
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