Boletim ENSP nº 9 PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Terça, 08 Março 2011 15:50

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Issue 9, 25 February - 3 March 2011

Foreword from ENSP Secretary General

Dear Reader,

As you will have noticed, the ENSP Secretariat continues to make considerable efforts to compile for you the ENSP European News Bulletin featuring European tobacco control news, announcements, events, publications and other relevant topics. From your feedback, we know that its quality and its frequency are highly appreciated and we wish to take this opportunity of thanking you for your loyalty.

We are eager to improve our services continuously. Therefore, we recently established a new subscription procedure, with the objective of bringing a modest financial support to a pan-European publication, for which we regrettably no longer receive co-funding from the European Commission. This new procedure will commence on 1 March 2011. Please consult our website (http://www.ensp.org/node/462) forthwith for more details.

Thank you for your continuous support and I wish you much success in your tobacco control actions.

Working together to save lives,

Francis Grogna

FRANCE: CNCT in ‘Envoyé Spécial’: How women are targeted and increasingly become the victims of tobacco consumption

The French investigation magazine ‘Envoyé Spécial’ broadcasted a tv documentary devoted to the tobacco scourge, whose main victims today are women.

The CNCT (National Committee Against Tobacco) shared their expertise with ‘Envoyé Spécial’ to reveal the deceitful practices used by the tobacco industry in inducing women to take up smoking.  

A video extract of the broadcast is available in French language at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K3ppaH1OEMo

The full Envoyé Spécial report “Les femmes et le tabac” (Women and Tobacco) can be viewed at: http://envoye-special.france2.fr/les-reportages-en-video-3074-les-femmes-et-le-tabac.html

Source: Comité National contre le Tabagisme (CNCT), 25 February 2011

Contact : Annie Fraisse-Cenzano - Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar

GERMANY: More German youths say no to cigarettes

German kids just don't think smoking is cool anymore. So said the German Center for Health Education, which reported smoking among youths has gone down by about half over the last decade.

Smoking is decidedly "out" among German youths, with just 13 percent of 12- to 17-year-olds in Germany starting the habit in 2010, according a study by the German Center for Health Education.

That is the lowest level since the organization started tracking youth smoking 30 years ago. The Center for Health Education also said about half as many German youths started smoking in 2010 as the same age group did in 2001, when 28 percent of youngsters smoked.

The Center for Health Education's Director, Elisabeth Pott, said the findings are part of a downward trend in smoking in Germany.

"For most young people, smoking today is totally 'out'," she said. "Not smoking has become mainstream in our society, especially among youths and adolescents."

Source: Deutsche Welle, 27 February 2011

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,14875088,00.html

HUNGARY: WHO welcomes proposal for legislation for a smoke-free Hungary

On Friday 25 February 2011, a group of MPs of the Hungarian Parliament, with government support submitted a motion for legislation that would make public places, restaurants, bars and workplaces in Hungary smoke-free.

Debate on this proposal starts in Parliament on 28 February 2011.

WHO Regional Office for Europe welcomes this initiative.
“This is very good news for the health of the people of Hungary. Countries across the European Region are introducing smoke-free public places and workplaces, and the evidence is that it really works”, said Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe. “Not only does it have a major impact on the amount of smoke that people are exposed to, and their health, but people have accepted it. It has met with public support and positive impacts on business.”

Smoke-free initiatives are strongly supported by the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which 45 countries in the European Region have ratified so far. Governments are finding that the health gains hugely outweigh the perceived political costs of taking action, and one country after another is introducing tough legislation to combat smoking.

For more information, please contact: Dr Zsofia Pusztai
WHO Country Office, Hungary, 28 February 2011
http://www.xpatloop.com/news/who_welcomes_proposal_for_legislation_for_a_smoke-free_hungary

RUSSIA: Frightening images on cigarette packs?

Russia is ready to place frightening images on cigarette packets to clearly demonstrate the consequences of smoking. This was reported by Minister of Health and Social Development of Russia Tatiana Golikova at a meeting with EU Commissioner for Health John Dalli.

Source: RUVR Voice of Russia, 25 February 2011
http://english.ruvr.ru/2011/02/25/46048353.html

UK: EDITORIAL - Displaying tobacco in shops should be consigned to history

The government will soon decide whether cigarette displays in shops should be banned. Health campaigners insist they should, believing this will reduce the number of young people smoking, while those who run convenience shops oppose the move, saying it will cost up to £1,000 to remove the displays and to fit under-the-counter trays to hold tobacco products. This, they warn, will increase queues in shops, levels of theft and smuggling.

Whether a ban deters young people from smoking is fiercely contested.

Perhaps the most useful exercise for the UK government is to look to Ireland, which introduced a similar ban in 2009. Independent research confirmed that the ban did not result in a loss of income for Irish retailers, while there was a dramatic decline in children's awareness that tobacco was sold in shops. Support for the ban also rose among the general population after it was introduced.

The researchers concluded the ban helped to "de-normalise" tobacco in the minds of children. The truth, long recognised by the tobacco industry, is that these displays are just another form of advertising and so, in the case of cigarettes, should be consigned to history.

Source: The Guardian, 27 February 2011
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/feb/27/observer-editorial-ban-cigarette-displays

UK: Claire Beale on Advertising: The fag end of anti-smoking campaigns

The advertising industry always said that the Government's decision to reduce spending on advertising would be a false economy.
Now there's early evidence it was right. According to figures from the Department for Health, the number of people who have quit smoking has fallen by a third since the government culled its anti-smoking advertising.
A time of savage cuts might not be conducive to abstaining from life's remaining pleasures but there's clear evidence of the damage done by pulling anti-smoking ads. Take last year's figures as a benchmark. In the first quarter of 2010 the Government spent £860,000 on advertising; 125,000 people kicked the habit. But when the ad budget dropped to £26,000 in the second quarter, only 86,000 smokers quit. New Year is by far the most popular time to try to quit, but the trend is clear. By the autumn, when anti-smoking ads had stopped altogether, the numbers giving up their nicotine fix were 38 per cent down on the first quarter of the year.

Source: The Independent, 28 February 2011
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/media/advertising/claire-beale-on-advertising-the-fag-end-of-antismoking-campaigns-2227908.html

UK WALES: Bold plans to slash number of Welsh smokers by a third

Ambitious plans will today be published to slash the number of smokers in Wales by a third in just 10 years.

If successful Wales would be comparable to California, which has taken an aggressive stand against smoking in a bid to drastically cut its smoking rates.

The Assembly Government will also today propose extending the current smoking ban legislation to outlaw smoking on all NHS property.

And it also wants local councils to introduce bans on smoking in and around children's playgrounds to minimise the impact on children's health.

But the Assembly Government's tobacco control action plan stops short of calling for a ban on smoking in private cars carrying children. Instead it called on councils to lead a debate about the issue.

Dr Tony Jewell, Wales' chief medical officer, said: "Just as Wales took a bold step in creating smoke-free environments in public places, we recognise the time is right to champion new approaches to further protect children from the harms of second-hand smoke."

Source: WalesOnline, 24 February 2011
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/health-news/2011/02/24/bold-plans-to-slash-number-of-welsh-smokers-by-a-third-91466-28225080/

US - NYC: Next Smoking Ban Target: Bus Stops

A bus stop in the Bronx. Mayor Bloomberg, after signing a law banning smoking at city parks and plazas, said he would support a ban at bus stops as well.

First New York City banned smoking at bars and restaurants. This week, Mayor Michael Bloomberg signed a no-smoking law covering city parks, beaches and pedestrian plazas like Times Square. The next place where the mayor supports a smoking ban: bus stops.
On his weekly radio show, Bloomberg responded affirmatively when a caller asked whether he’d consider expanding the ban to include bus stops.
“Well, personally, I couldn’t agree with you more,” the mayor, a former smoker, told the caller. “I don’t want to stand down wind of somebody smoking because the smoke kills you.” Bloomberg said if the public demands a ban on smoking at bus stops, city government may take up the cause, as he said it did when New Yorkers urged the newly passed ban on beaches and parks. That law, signed by the mayor on Tuesday, will take effect May 23.

Source: The Wall Street Journal, 28 February 2011
http://blogs.wsj.com/metropolis/2011/02/25/next-anti-smoking-target-bus-stops/

STUDY: Rising status of women linked to more smoking

Millions of women in developing countries risk disease and early death in the coming decades as their rising economic and political status leads them to smoke more, researchers said on Tuesday.

An analysis in 74 countries found that men are five times more likely to smoke than women in countries with lower rates of female empowerment, such as China, Indonesia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Uganda.

In countries with relatively high female empowerment, such as Australia, Canada, Norway, Sweden and the United States, this gap is small and women smoke almost as much as men do.

Douglas Bettcher, director of the World Health Organization (WHO) tobacco free initiative, said the findings showed the need for authorities to act quickly to curb smoking rates among women, particularly in poorer countries.

"The tobacco epidemic is still in its early stages in many countries but is expected to worsen," he said in a statement with the study, which was published in the WHO Bulletin.

"Strong tobacco control measures such as bans on tobacco advertising are needed to prevent the tobacco industry from targeting women."

Tobacco kills up to half its users and is described by the WHO as "one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced." The annual death toll linked to tobacco is more than five million, experts say, and could rise beyond eight million by 2030 unless action is taken to control smoking.

The study estimated that men smoke nearly five times as much as women worldwide, but the ratios of female-to-male smoking prevalence rates vary dramatically.

In China, for example, 61 percent of men are reported to be current smokers, compared with 4.2 percent of women, while in many rich nations roughly equal numbers of men and women smoke.

Women's empowerment is measured by the United Nations Development Program using data such as representation in parliament, voting rights and comparisons of male and female income.

"Our study makes a strong case for implementing gender-specific tobacco control activities ... such as more higher tobacco taxes, more prominent graphic health warnings, smoke-free laws, and advertising and promotion bans," said Geoffrey Fong from the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, who led Tuesday's study.

His coauthor Sara Hitchman said authorities should look closely at "the ways in which the tobacco industry is capitalizing on societal changes to target women, such as marketing cigarettes to women as a symbol of emancipation."

Source: Reuters, 1 March 2011
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/01/us-smoking-women-idUSTRE7206B320110301

World Health Organization Bulletin, online 28 February 2011 http://www.who.int/bulletin/online_first/10-079905.pdf

INDUSTRY: Are underage smokers influenced most by movies?

Cigarette companies are not allowed to market directly to the youth of America. The companies are also banned from advertising on television, radio and in newspapers.The only mainstream advertising they can pay for is in magazines catered toward adults. Somehow, though, four million underage Americans smoke, begging the question: what influences their decision to smoke?It's a question without a definite answer.

Do images in movies influence kids? How about all the stars in Hollywood smoking cigarettes and drinking coffee to curb hunger and keep the weight off? Perhaps, it's the old fashioned peer influence route."It's addictive, it's incredibly addictive and I need a couple a day, I just have to have them," Matt Critchlow told CNBC for the upcoming documentary Cigarette Wars. . . ."There's a tremendous body of scientific evidence from all over the world that shows the more kids see people smoking on screen, the more likely they are to smoke," Glantz said.

Source: CNBC, 1 March 2011
http://www.cnbc.com/id/41848139

WHO FCTC - The FCTC Secretariat has launched its WHO FCTC Implementation Database

The FCTC Secretariat has launched its WHO FCTC Implementation Database at http://apps.who.int/fctc/reporting/database/

The database reflects Parties’ responses to the official questionnaires developed by the Secretariat for two years (phase 1) and five years (phase 2) after the FCTC came into force for a particular Party. 135 Parties have responded to at least one of these questionnaires and are reflected in the database. Updates will be added as additional reports are received. The database is searchable by Party or FCTC Article, and employs a fairly simple interface. Charts can be generated by Article to compare Parties.

Note that this data is based solely on government responses and does not include any independent verification or information on enforcement and compliance. For data on how the FCTC is being implemented “on the ground” by the first Parties to ratify, see FCA’s report Tobacco Watch at www.fctc.org .

As you look through the FCS database, please let me know any thoughts or ideas on its strengths and weaknesses. I will be sure to pass them along to the Secretariat.

Source: Chris A Bostic, Project Manager, FCA FCTC Shadow Reporting, 28 February 2011

Contact: bosticc@fctc.org

CONFERENCE: 15th WCTOH March 2012, Singapore - Extension of Call for Proposals

The deadline of the call for proposals for the 15th World Conference on Tobacco or Health (WCTOH) has been extended to 6 March 2011.

Kindly submit your proposals at: http://www.wctoh2012.org/nav-call-for-proposals.html

If you need any more information please visit our website at http://wctoh2012.org

You are encouraged to circulate this call to people and/or organizations who are interested to submit proposals for this conference.
Thank you in advance for your contributions to the Conference

Source: 15th WCTOH Organising Committee, 25 February 2011
Ms Vasuki Utravathy – contact: Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar

INDUSTRY: Tobacco firms accused of funding campaign to keep cigarettes on display

A shopkeepers' trade body that has helped to persuade scores of MPs to oppose a ban on cigarette displays has been accused by its members of being a puppet of the tobacco industry.

The National Federation of Retail Newsagents, which represents 16,500 shopkeepers, has emerged as an important player in the debate over whether "power walls" – behind-the-counter displays of cigarettes – should be banned.

Health campaigners claim that banning the displays would benefit the nation's health because it would cut the number of young people who take up smoking.

But the federation, which disputes evidence for the claim and warns that the move would be bad for business, has hired a lobbying company to make its case with MPs. Emails sent to MPs by account executives at Hume Brophy, which also lobbies on behalf of British American Tobacco, suggest the federation's campaign has been a success.

One email, sent to all MPs this month, said: "The campaign has more than 78 supporters [MPs] … on this very important issue which would have a devastating effect on the small business sector in your constituency."

The campaign has been so successful that the government is considering a compromise that could see small shops exempted from the ban, a move that would be supported by the majority of federation members but not health experts and cancer charities. But there are now increasing concerns within the federation that its campaign is being directed by the tobacco companies.

"The federation is a puppet of the tobacco industry," said Colin Finch, its president in 2001 and 2007, who accuses tobacco companies of using "retailers to legitimise their campaign".

He said tobacco money flowed into the federation "discreetly" via sponsorship of trade events, annual conferences, seminars, meetings and dinners.

"The whole situation with the federation and the tobacco industry is out of kilter," said Finch, who opposes the display ban, arguing it is unfair and will not work. "The federation's code of ethics has been poisoned by the tobacco industry."

Allegations that a trade body that has lobbied MPs has been influenced by tobacco firms will be seized on by health campaigners. The UK is a party to the World Health Organisation convention on tobacco control, which compels governments to ensure the drafting of policies is free "from vested interests of the tobacco industry".

"The government is required to protect its public health policies with respect to tobacco from the commercial and vested interests of the industry," said Deborah Arnott, director of the anti-smoking campaign group, Ash. "If the government repeals or significantly delays the display ban it will have utterly failed to live up to its international treaty obligations."

Source: The Guardian, 26 February 2011
http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/feb/26/tobacco-firms-campaign-cigarettes-display

STATUS REPORT: Canadian Cancer Society Releases Updated Status Report on Pack Warning Labels

The Canadian Cancer Society released a report titled "Cigarette Package Health Warnings: International Status Report" in Punta del Este, Uruguay during the World Health Organization's (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) fourth Conference of the Parties.

The report summarizes international cigarette package health warning requirements by country/jurisdiction, including both Parties and Non-Parties to the WHO FCTC.  The report is an update of a 2008 report which ranked 140 countries based on the size of the  warnings on cigarette packages. The updated 2010 report ranks 175 countries/jurisdictions based on warning size, and lists countries/jurisdictions that require picture-based warnings.

To read the report [English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish], visit: http://tobaccofreecenter.org/resources/warning_labels/fact_sheets/intl_status_report

Additional Resources:

Source: Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Contact: Hema Khanchandani - Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar ,  25 February 2011

Web site: www.tobaccofreecenter.org

Web site: www.tobaccofreekids.org

STUDY: Spontaneous smoking cessation may be an early symptom of lung cancer, research suggests

48 percent of patients in study quit before diagnosis, most before onset of symptoms
Many longtime smokers quit spontaneously with little effort shortly before their lung cancer is diagnosed, leading some researchers to speculate that sudden cessation may be a symptom of lung cancer.

Most patients who quit did so before noticing any symptoms of cancer, according to the study, which was published in the March issue of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology (JTO), the official monthly journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC).

Source: Eurekalert, 1 March 2011
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-03/iaft-ssc022411.php

EC Announcement: Call for applications ‘Health 2011’ published today

A call for applications ‘Health — 2011’ is launched today within the framework of the Second Programme of Community action in the field of Health (2008-2013).

This call for applications consists of the following parts:

  • a call for proposals for the award of a financial contribution to specific actions in the form of projects,
  • a call for proposals for the award of a financial contribution to specific actions in the form of conferences,
  • a call for proposals for the award of a financial contribution to the functioning of non-governmental bodies and specialised networks (operating grants),
  • an invitation to Member States and participating countries for submission of joint actions.

The deadline for submissions of the proposals under each call is 27 May 2011.

All the information, including the Commission Decision of 22 February 2011* on the adoption of the work plan for 2011 for the implementation of the second programme of Community action in the field of health (2008-2013), and on the selection, award and other criteria for financial contributions to the actions of this programme, are available on the website of the Executive Agency for Health and Consumers at the following address: http://ec.europa.eu/eahc

Source: European Commission, published: 3 March 2011
http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2011:068:0005:0005:EN:PDF

* Commission Decision of 22 February 2011 can also be found at:
http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2011:069:0001:0037:EN:PDF

Source: European Commission, published: 3 March 2011

STUDY: More self-aware people quit smoking easier

How your brain responds to anti-smoking messages may be useful in helping to kick the habit, a new study in the journal Nature Neuroscience reports.

"People who are more likely to potentially see the messages as relevant to them, they are more likely to quit," said lead author Hannah Faye Chua of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. "They could feel like, 'This is me, this is how I am right now, this is how I would like to change.'"

The study looked at 91 participants who were interested in quitting smoking, and who were smoking about 17 cigarettes a day on average. They answered questions about their health, demographic and habits and attitudes relevant to smoking and the reasons preventing them from quitting.

Researchers then used the answers to create tailored smoking cessation messages. These would target the individual's personal obstacles that make it harder to quit, as well as the person's sex and other life characteristics. The study authors exposed participants to the tailored messages as well as broader statements about smoking in general and "neutral" messages not related to smoking cessation.

Source: CNN Health, 27 February 2011
http://thechart.blogs.cnn.com/2011/02/27/more-self-aware-people-quit-smoking-easier/

Self-related neural response to tailored smoking-cessation messages predicts quitting
Nature Neuroscience. Received 4 October 2010; accepted 19 January 2011; published online 28 February 2011.
http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/nn.2761.html

INDUSTRY US: Tobacco industry sues FDA on proposed menthol cigarette ban

Lorillard Inc and R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co have filed a lawsuit against the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) saying there were conflicts of interest and bias among members of an advisory panel which may recommend banning menthol cigarettes.

The FDA advisory panel's recommendations are not binding, however the agency usually goes along with its advice. Panel members are expected to put forward their recommendations regarding menthol-flavored cigarettes on 23rd March this year.

Nearly 1 in every 3 cigarettes sold in the USA is mentholated. R. J. Reynolds sells a menthol Camel version as well as the Kool brand, while Lorillard's Newport brand is the number one menthol cigarette seller in the country.

Source: Medical News Today, 27 February 2011
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/217621.php

STUDY: Smoking linked to infant heart defects

A pregnant woman who smokes in her first trimester is much more likely to have an infant with a congenital heart defect, U.S. health officials say.

A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta found tobacco exposure is associated with a 20 percent to 70 percent increased risk of certain types of defects such as those that obstruct the flow of blood from the right side of the heart into the lungs and openings between the upper chambers of the heart.

"Women who smoke and are thinking about becoming pregnant need to quit smoking and, if they're already pregnant, they need to stop," Dr. Thomas R. Frieden, director of the CDC, says in a statement.

"Quitting is the single most important thing a woman can do to improve her health as well as the health of her baby."

The findings, published in the journal Pediatrics, are based on a large U.S. population-based case-control study of congenital heart defects involving 2,525 case and 3,435 control infants born from 1981 to 1989.

Source: UPI, 28 February 2011
http://www.upi.com/Health_News/2011/02/28/Smoking-linked-to-infant-heart-defects/UPI-26751298925973/

Maternal Smoking and Congenital Heart Defects in the Baltimore-Washington Infant Study
Pediatrics, Published online 28 February 2011
http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/peds.2010-1399v1