Boletim ENSP nº 10 PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Segunda, 14 Março 2011 20:20

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Issue 10, 4-10 March 2011

Foreword from ENSP Secretary General

Dear Reader,

As you will have noticed, the ENSP Secretariat continues to make considerable efforts to compile for you the ENSP European News Bulletin featuring European tobacco control news, announcements, events, publications and other relevant topics.

We are eager to improve our services continuously. Therefore, we recently established a new subscription procedure, with the objective of bringing a modest financial support to a pan-European publication, for which we regrettably no longer receive co-funding from the European Commission. This new procedure will commence on 1 March 2011. Please consult our website (http://www.ensp.org/node/462) forthwith for more details.

Thank you for your continuous support and I wish you much success in your tobacco control actions.

Working together to save lives,

Francis Grogna

ENGLAND: Tobacco displays to be banned from shops

Cigarettes will disappear under the tobacconist's counter from 2012 under measures announced on Wednesday.

Only temporary displays in "certain limited circumstances" will be allowed under the plans, which will be phased in gradually to allow businesses to adapt.

The regulations will come into force for large stores on April 6 2012 and on April 6 2015 for all other shops, the Department of Health said.

A consultation on whether cigarettes should be sold in plain packaging, to make them less appealing to young people, will be launched by the end of the year, the ministry added.

"Smoking is undeniably one of the biggest and most stubborn challenges in public health," said Health Secretary Andrew Lansley. "Over eight million people in England still smoke and it causes more than 80,000 deaths each year.

“We want to do everything we can to help people to choose to stop smoking and encourage young people not to start smoking in the first place. We will help local communities to take a comprehensive approach to reducing smoking so we can change social attitudes to smoking”.

Retailers reacted angrily to the announcement, saying there was "simply no evidence" that keeping tobacco out of sight in shops will discourage young people from smoking.

"We are disappointed that government is pressing ahead with a tobacco display ban imposing £40 million of costs on small retailers," said James Lowman, chief executive of the Association of Convenience Stores.

"There simply isn't the evidence to suggest that the measure will reduce smoking amongst young people."

But anti-smoking groups said they were "delighted" with the announcement and urged the government to push ahead with proposals to impose plain packaging on tobacco companies.

"Although disappointed at the delay we're delighted that the government has refused to cave in to tobacco industry lobbying for the repeal of the tobacco display legislation," said Deborah Arnott, chief executive of Ash (Action on Smoking and Health).

Plain packaging and a ban on public display have both been under discussion for several years. The previous Labour government had planned to force tobacco products under the counter if reelected.

The UK will join several countries, including Canada, Ireland and Finland, in removing cigarettes from tobacconists' shelves.

But it will be the first in Europe to insist on plain packaging, if the proposal goes ahead. Australia is due to introduce the measure in 2012.

Source: London AFP, 9 March 2011
http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20110309/wl_uk_afp/britainhealthsmoking

Related articles:

Lives are saved by stubbing out this addiction, The Independent, 10 March 2011
http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/leading-articles/leading-article-lives-are-saved-by-stubbing-out-this-addiction-2237309.html

Public health: The fug of mixed messages, The Guardian, 10 March 2011
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/mar/10/tobacco-packaging-policy

Anti-smoking plans: cigarettes will no longer be displayed in shops, The Telegraph, 9 March 2011
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/8370554/Anti-smoking-plans-cigarettes-will-no-longer-be-displayed-in-shops.html

Tobacco displays to be banned from shops - BBC News Health, 9 March 2011: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-12680815

Britain on track to be first European country to put tobacco products in plain packs, Medical News Today, 9 March 2011:
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/218630.php

Government unveils new tobacco control plan, Cancer Research UK, 9 March 2011
http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/news/archive/cancernews/2011-03-09-Government-unveils-new-tobacco-control-plan-

VIDEO: Government to unveil anti-smoking plans, BBC Online, 9 March 2011
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-12684801

Government unveils cigarette branding curbs - The independent, 9 March 2011: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/government-unveils-cigarette-branding-curbs-2236487.html

ENGLAND: Healthy lives, healthy people: a tobacco control plan for England (PDF)

This Tobacco Control Plan, published on 9 March 2011 sets out the key actions under each strand that the Government will take in order to support efforts to reduce tobacco use over the next five years, within the context of the new public health system.

These key actions are highlighted at the start of each chapter. The work we will undertake to maximise the use of information and intelligence to support comprehensive tobacco control, as well as the actions we will take to protect tobacco control from vested interests, is also set out.

Source: Department of Health (UK), 9 March 2011
http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/documents/digitalasset/dh_124960.pdf

FRANCE: Kate Moss uses No Smoking Day to illustrate what a fine role model she is

We're sure it's in the name of art or whatever, but what about the thousands of people who are using today as the opportunity to kick the habit and improve their chances at having a longer life that doesn't result in rasping into an oxygen machine while their family look on, helpless?

Source : 3AM (UK), 9 March 2011
http://www.3am.co.uk/kate-moss-smokes-on-the-runway-in-paris-before-no-smoking-day---what-a-role-model/26622/

JERSEY: Smoking could be banned in cars

Jersey's public health department is considering whether to ban smoking in cars.

It comes as a British Lung Foundation petition was presented to the UK Government calling for a smoking ban in cars carrying children.

Andrew Heaven, Jersey's head of health improvement, said officials were considering extending the smoke free legislation to all motor vehicles.

He said the public health advice was to encourage people not to smoke in cars.

As part of Jersey's smoking in the workplace ban since 2007, smoking has been banned in work vehicles that are used by more than one person.

Source: BBC, 3 March 2011
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-jersey-12634026

UK: National Non Smoking Day Wed 9th March

Established in 1983, No Smoking Day works to support smokers who want to quit. The charity does this by raising awareness the Day, which takes place on the second Wednesday in March every year, and highlighting the many sources of help available for quitters.

Every year over a million smokers will use No Smoking Day to try to quit.

There are many benefits to quitting

Source: AboutMyArea.co.uk, 9 March 2011
http://www.aboutmyarea.co.uk/Cheshire/Neston/CH64/News/Local-News/189651-National-Non-Smoking-Day-Wed-9th-March

Visit the National non smoking day website at: http://www.nosmokingday.org.uk/

UK: Women’s lung cancers has doubled since 1970 in over-60s

Most lung cancers are linked to smoking


Lung cancer rates have more than doubled for women over 60 since the mid-1970s, figures show.

Cancer Research UK figures say the rate rose from 88 per 100,000 in 1975 to 190 per 100,000 in 2008, the latest year for which statistics are available.

Lung cancers in men fell, and CRUK say this is linked to smoking rates.

The proportion of male smokers peaked before 1960. But women had rising rates in the 1960s and 1970s, which would have an effect on those now over 60.

Overall, the number of women diagnosed with lung cancer has risen from around 7,800 cases in 1975 to more than 17,500 in 2008.

Figures for men went from 23,400 over-60s diagnosed in 1975, falling to 19,400 in 2008, with rates showing a similar large drop.

The charity said 5,700 women over 60 were diagnosed with lung cancer in 1975, compared with 15,100 in 2008.

Source: BBC Online, 6 March 2011
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-12651455

INDUSTRY WATCH: Philip Morris Norway AS buys services of renowned economist in lawsuit against Norway

Aftenposten newspaper reveals in today’s issue that Nobel Laureate in Economics for 2000, James Heckman, is hired by the tobacco manufacturer Philip Morris Norway AS (PMN) in the tobacco company’s efforts to force Norway to walk back on a major tobacco control legislation.

On March 9, 2010, PMN announced a lawsuit challenging Norway on its public health regulation which bans any form of display of tobacco products.

Heckman believes that the basis for the Norwegian ban on tobacco retail displays in commodity stores is too thin and does not have any effect on smoking in general. In addition, he argues that the ban is enforced in violation of a European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement because it imposes restrictions on competition.

The ban was introduced on January 1st last year as a measure to encourage people to smoke less and to prevent the youth from even starting to smoke.

Information is only available in Norwegian.
Source: Courtesy of Mr. Maxime N. Compaore, Norwegian Cancer Society, 9 March 2011

Contact: Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar - Web site: http://www.kreftforeningen.no/

STUDY: Fewer smoke in Sweden, more men use snuff

Stockholm - The number of smokers in Sweden has dropped while use of moist tobacco, known as snus, appears to be increasing, according to a new study.

In 2009, 10.3 per cent of the country's men and women lit up, down one percentage point on 2008, researchers at Stockholm University said.

The survey of Swedish tobacco consumption began in June 2003 and is based on both official sales figures and information from respondents, the Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD) said.

The study was based on tobacco purchased in Sweden as well as imported into the country - both legally by private citizens in connection with trips abroad or smuggled in. Smokefree products like snus were also part of the survey.

Source: M&C, 7 March 2011
http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/health/news/article_1624065.php/Study-Fewer-smoke-in-Sweden-more-men-use-snuff

STUDY: Secondhand Smoke Risk Penetrates Womb

Nonsmoking women who breathe secondhand tobacco smoke during pregnancy increase their risk of stillbirth, major birth defects, and other harms to their babies, according to a meta-analysis.

The analysis of 19 observational studies found a 23% increased risk of stillbirth with tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy (odds ratio 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.38) in four of the studies, reported Jo Leonardi-Bee, PhD, MSc, of the University of Nottingham, England, and colleagues.

And seven of the studies found that pregnant women exposed to second hand smoke were also 13% more likely give birth to a child with congenital malformations (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.26), Leonardi-Bee and co-authors wrote in the April issue of Pediatrics.

"Because the timing and mechanism of this effect is not clear, it is important to prevent secondhand smoke exposure in women before and during pregnancy," the group urged in their paper.

Primary source: Pediatrics Source reference: Leonardi-Bee J, et al "Secondhand Smoke and Adverse Fetal Outcomes in Nonsmoking Pregnant Women: A Meta-analysis"

Source: MedPage Today, 7 March 2011
http://www.medpagetoday.com/OBGYN/Pregnancy/25210

WHO TFI: World No Tobacco Day 2011 Poster

The poster for World No Tobacco Day 2011 may now be viewed on the WHO Tobacco Free Initiative web site at: www.who.int/tobacco

Source: Timothy O'Leary, WHO Tobacco Free Initiative Geneva, Switzerland, 4 March 2011

Rango slammed by anti-smoking campaigners who say film encourages children to smoke

Anti-smoking campaigners have branded the animated film Rango a public health hazard for encouraging children to take up the habit.

A raft of groups said the PG feature, which opened last Friday, is setting a bad example by featuring more than 60 instances of characters puffing away.

The only other film which came close was 101 Dalmatians in which Cruella de Vil smoked all the time.

Even the lead character, Rango the chameleon, swallows a cigar and breathes fire in the face of an enemy at one point.

The campaigners said that research has shown that children in elementary school who are exposed to on-screen smoking are more likely to take up the habit as teens.

They are calling on film-makers to stop glamorising smoking and cut the cigarettes out of their productions or give the pictures an R rating so children cannot see them.

Source: Mail Online, 9 March 2011
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1364300/Rango-slammed-anti-smoking-campaigners-say-film-encourages-children-smoke.html?ito=feeds-newsxml

STUDY: Smoking increases risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women

Postmenopausal women who smoke or used to smoke have up to a 16% higher risk of developing breast cancer compared to women who have never smoked, finds research published in the British Medical Journal today.

The study also says that women who have had extensive exposure to passive smoking, either as children or in adulthood, may also have an excess risk of developing breast cancer.

While some previous studies have indicated that smoking increases the risk of breast cancer, the theory that passive smoking is also a risk factor, remains controversial.

The researchers, led by Dr Juhua Luo from West Virginia University and Dr Karen Margolis from the HealthPartners Research Foundation in Minneapolis, decided to carry out a large scale study following participants over a long period of time to investigate the issue further.

The research team used data from the 1993-98 Women's Health Initiative Observational study to determine links between smoking, passive smoking and breast cancer.

Source Physorg,1 March 2011
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-03-breast-cancer-postmenopausal-women.html

STUDY: Text messaging helps smokers break the habit

A pair of related studies on smoking cessation by researchers at the University of Oregon and other institutions have isolated the brain regions most active in controlling urges to smoke and demonstrated the effectiveness of text-messaging to measure and intervene in those urges.

Both projects used the same group of test subjects - 27 heavy smokers recruited from the American Lung Association's Freedom from Smoking program in Los Angeles.

The research showed that text messaging is at least as effective as more expensive and harder-to-use handheld data collection devices in the "brief interval assessment" of people in smoking cessation programs. The palmtop devices typically used for what smoking cessation researchers call "ecological momentary assessment" can cost more than $300 each, while 86 percent of U.S. residents already have cell phones and 91 percent of those are SMS-enabled.

"Text messaging may be an ideal delivery mechanism for tailored interventions because it is low-cost, most people already possess the existing hardware and the messages can be delivered near-instantaneously into real world situations," said the study, which is scheduled to appear this week in Health Psychology, the journal of the American Psychological Association.

Source Newswise, 8 March 2011
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/574164/?sc=rssn

STUDY: Tobacco smoking impacts teens' brains

Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the U.S., with more than 400,000 deaths each year attributable to smoking or its consequences. And yet teens still smoke. Indeed, smoking usually begins in the teen years, and approximately 80 percent of adult smokers became hooked by the time they were 18. Meanwhile, teens who don't take up smoking usually never do.

While studies have linked cigarette smoking to deficits in attention and memory in adults, UCLA researchers wanted to compare brain function in adolescent smokers and non-smokers, with a focus on the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain that guides "executive functions" like decision-making and that is still developing structurally and functionally in adolescents.

They found a disturbing correlation: The greater a teen's addiction to nicotine, the less active the prefrontal cortex was, suggesting that smoking can affect brain function.

The research appears in the current online edition of the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.

The finding is obviously not good news for smokers, said the study's senior author, Edythe London, a professor of psychiatry at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA.

"As the prefrontal cortex continues to develop during the critical period of adolescence, smoking may influence the trajectory of brain development and affect the function of the prefrontal cortex," London said.

Source: Physorg, 2 March 2011
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-03-tobacco-impacts-teens-brains.html

STUDY: Smoking abstinence found more effective with residential treatment than standard outpatient treatment

In the March issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, researchers report that residential treatment for tobacco dependence among heavy smokers greatly improves the odds of abstinence at six months compared with standard outpatient treatment. The study reports that 52 percent of the patients were still not smoking six months after residential treatment, compared with 26 percent in the outpatient treatment setting.
"This means there is hope for patients who are tobacco dependent and feel they have exhausted every other means of trying to quit smoking," says Taylor Hays, M.D., a Mayo Clinic nicotine dependence specialist and an author of this study.
Smoking relapse rates are the highest during the first weeks of an attempt to quit smoking. Effective treatment for tobacco dependence involves intensive behavioral and pharmacological treatments to achieve long-term smoking abstinence.

Source: Medical News Today, 8 March 2011
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/218440.php

STUDY: Toenail Nicotine Test May Predict Lung Cancer

Toenail tests tell whether you're at high risk of getting lung cancer from cigarette smoke, even if you're not a smoker.

The finding comes from the toenails of 210 men with lung cancer and a comparison group of 630 men without lung cancer enrolled in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Most of the 33,737 medical professionals in this long-term study donated toenail clippings in 1987.

The 20% of toenails containing the highest amounts of nicotine identified men at the highest risk of lung cancer. These men were 10.5 times more likely to have lung cancer than the 20% of men with the least nicotine in their toenails.

Even when taking into account reported smoking - that is, when comparing men at similar levels of cigarette use - men with the most nicotine in their toenails were over 3.5 times more likely to get lung cancer than those with the least toenail nicotine.

"Regardless of whether you are a smoker or a nonsmoker exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke, we can now better measure your exposure and predict your risk," study researcher Wael K. Al-Delaimy, MD, PhD, tells WebMD. Al-Delaimy is chief of the division of global health at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.

Source: WebMD Health, 7 March 2011
http://www.webmd.com/lung-cancer/news/20110307/toenail-nicotine-predicts-lung-cancer